CPRG Lecture on Powersharing and Democratic Survival
- CPRG Guest Lecture by Prof. Kaare Strøm (University of California, San Diego), on June 27, 2017, Seminarraum 5, Sowi, 2 Stock West. Please check our website for further details as the date approaches.
Kaare Strøm is Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of California, San Diego. He has received the American Political Science Association’s Franklin Burdette Pi Sigma Alpha Award for best conference paper (1983), the Gabriel Almond Award for best dissertation in Comparative Politics (1984), and UNESCO’s Sixth Stein Rokkan Prize in Comparative Social Science Research (1994). He has also served on the National Science Foundation political science panel and on the editorial boards of a number of leading academic journals in the US and Europe. He is a Fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Arts and Sciences and also a Fellow of the Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters.
Powersharing and Democratic Survival
Democracy is often fragile, especially in states recovering from civil conflict. To protect emerging democracies, many scholars and practitioners recommend political powersharing institutions, which aim to safeguard minority group interests. Yet there is little empirical research on whether powersharing promotes democratic survival, and some concern that it limits electoral accountability. To fill this gap, we differentiate between inclusive, dispersive, and constraining powersharing institutions and analyze their effects on democratic survival from 1975 to 2015 using a global dataset. We find sharp distinctions across types of powersharing and political context. Inclusive powersharing, such as ethnic quotas, promotes democratic survival only in post-conflict settings. In contrast, dispersive institutions such as federalism tend to destabilize post-conflict democracies. Only constraining powersharing consistently facilitates democratic survival regardless of recent conflict. Institution-builders and international organizations should therefore prioritize institutions that constrain leaders, including independent judiciaries, civilian control of the armed forces, and constitutional protections of individual and group rights.
CPRG Lecture on Electoral Integrity
- CPRG Guest Lecture by Prof. Pippa Norris (Harvard University and University of Sydney), on May 17, 2016, Fakultätssitzungssaal, Sowi, 3 Stock Ost. Please check our website for further details as the date approaches.
Pippa Norris is the McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, Research Fellow and Professor of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney, and Director of the Electoral Integrity Project. Honors include the Johan Skytte prize, the Kathleen Fitzpatrick Laureate Fellowship, and the Karl Deutsch awards. Related publications in the trilogy published by Cambridge University Press include Why Electoral Integrity Matters (2014).
Why Elections Fail
The spread of elections to all parts of the globe has been one of the most dramatic developments transforming our world during the twentieth century. Yet, as numerous reports have highlighted, the quality of contemporary contests commonly fails. Contentious elections undermine the legitimacy of elected authorities, political participation, and stability in fragile states. To address these questions, the study draws upon the Electoral Integrity Project, a multilevel research project generating new evidence about the quality of elections worldwide. This second volume in the trilogy seeks to determine the reasons why elections are undermined by numerous kinds of flaws. Structural, international, and institutional accounts each provide alternative perspectives to explain general processes of democratization. These theories can be adapted for plausible arguments about why elections may fail to meet international standards.
CPRG Lecture on Federalism
- CPRG Guest Lecture by Dr. Wilfried Sweden (University of Edinburgh), on January 26, 2016, Fakultätssitzungssaal, Sowi, 3 Stock Ost. at 17.00h.
Wilfried Swenden is a Senior Lecturer in Politics and Co-Director of the Centre for South Asian Studies at the University of Edinburgh. He has been a visiting scholar at the Centre for European Studies (Harvard) and most recently the Political Science Department at Delhi University in India. Wilfried is currently (2014-2017) heading a Leverhulme International network on Continuity and Change in Indian Federalism involving three UK and three India-based universities. He has published two monographs, five edited collections and (co-) authored several articles, which appeared among others in the European Journal of Political Research, Government and Opposition, Journal of Common Market Studies, Party Politics, Publius: the Journal of Federalism, Regional & Federal Studies, Regional Studies, Territory, Politics and Governance and West European Politics.
CPRG Lecture on Gender Politics
- CPRG Guest lecture by Prof. Sarah Childs (University of Bristol), on 17 March 2015 at 17.00h, Fakultätssitzungssaal, Sowi, 3 Stock Ost.
Sarah Childs is Professor of Politics and Gender at the University of Bristol, UK. She has published widely on women, representation and party politics and Parliament over the last decade or so. Key articles on new Labour’s women MPs, descriptive and substantive representation, the concept of critical mass, and conservatism, gender and representation, have been published in, among other journals, Political Studies, Politics and Gender, Government and Parliamentary Affairs and Party Politics. Her latest book, Sex, Gender and the Conservative Party: From Iron Lady to Kitten Heels’, with Paul Webb was published in 2012. She is currently researching gender and political parties, and the UK Parliament as a gendered institution. In 2009-10 she was the gender Special Adviser to the UK Parliament’s ‘Speaker’ Conference’ on Representation.
CPRG Lecture on Political Leadership
- CPRG Inaugural lecture: “Governing in the Shadows” , guest lecture by Prof. Guy Peters (University of Pittsburgh, USA and Zeppelin University, Germany), on 28 April 2014 at 18.00h, Fakultätssitzungssaal, Sowi, 3 Stock Ost.
Governing in the Shadows
The development of the governance literature has emphasized that the State is not the only possible source of governance in contemporary political systems. Although networks of social actors serve as the usual alternative to governance through the State, markets and expertise can also be alternative sources of governance. This paper explores these alternative forms of governance and the implications of these alternatives.
B. Guy Peters is Maurice Falk Professor of American Government at the University of Pittsburgh, and also Distinguished Professor of Governance at Zeppelin University. He also holds honorary positions in Denmark, Hong Kong and Belgium. Professor Peters is founding co-editor of the European Political Science Review, and was also founding co-editor of Governance. His work is on issues of comparative governance, including comparative public administration and comparative public policy.